Skip to main content

Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

See other formats


THE HOU GATS.                                                 157
On the opposite side of iike street is the palace of-ike princes of Bharafc-piir.
The lofty and highly enriched entrance gateway was addled by Eaji Bakvant
Sinn, and the magnificent hrass doors by the present Baja. Close by is the
mansion of Setk Lakhoii Chanel, built at a. cost of Rs. 13GO,060. The latest of
the architectural works wth which the city is deeorated? and one of the most
admirahle for elegance and elaboration, is a temple near the Chhata Bazar built
by Deva Chand Bohr®, and completed only at the end of Hie year 1871. What-
ever other buildings there are of any note will be found enumerated In the list
at the end of the next chapter. In most cases the greatest amount of finish has
been bestowed upon the street front, while the interior court is small and con-
fined 5 and the practice of haying only a single gate both for entrance and exit
occasions great, and sometimes dangerous, crowding on high feast days. It Is,
as before remarked,, a peculiarity of the Mathnra temple architecture to have ao
tower over the seat of the god.
If the new city was ever surrounded by walls, not a Yesiag© of them DOW
remains, though the four principal entrances are still called the Brinda-baa, Dig,
Bharat-pur, and Holi gates. The last-named is the approach from the Civil
Station, and here a- lofty and elaborately sculptured stone arch ha$ been erected
over the roadway, in accordance with an elegant design in the local style, sup-
plied by Yusuf, the municipal architect, a man of Tery exceptional taste and
ability. As the work was commenced at the instance of the late Mr. Bradford
Hardinge, who was for several years Collector of the district, and took a most
lively interest in all the city improvements, it is named in Ms honour* * the
Hardingeareb/ though it is not very often so called. Since Ms death, it has been
surmounted by a cupol% which was intended at some future time to recsive a
clock, with four corner kiosqnes, the cost of these additions being Rs. 3,493.
Two shops in uniform style were aka built in 18Z5, one on either side, at a
farther cost of Bs. 1,621, in order to receive and conceal the ponderous staged
bnttressesj wMch ihe engineers in the PabHc Works Department had thought it
necessary to add. He expeaa&ore on the gate itself was Es. 8j6175 making
a total of Bs. 13,731.
As may be inferred from the above remark stone-carving^ the oaly indi-
genous art of which Mathar4 can boast, is carried to great perfection. All the
temples afford specimens of elegant design in panels of reticulated tracery
'(;'oH), as also do the ekh$tn& of the Seth's family in the Jamim& bigk The
* The little marble iaMetf on which the name has been im^rilted in th& siraightest sad most
uncompromising Bomnm capitals, is a. conspicuous disfiguieiBant and looks exactly like an anctioa
ticket. The Enginee* who inserted it cannot hare tad madi of ao eye for bantam* «* «ftect
40